Auteur Sujet: Fake PAE in Lubuntu  (Lu 2210 fois)

0 Membres et 1 Invité sur ce sujet

Hors ligne melodie

  • Administrateur
  • Membre Héroïque
  • *****
  • Messages: 1675
    • Citrotux
Fake PAE in Lubuntu
« le: 21 octobre 2013 à 01:58:02 »
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Lubuntu-fake-PAE

Citer
Introduction

PAE (Physical Address Extension) is explained here in details.

Lubuntu-fake-PAE offers a method to install Lubuntu 13.04 into computers (mainly if not only laptops) with Pentium M and Celeron M CPUs. Most if not all of these CPUs have PAE capability, but show no PAE flag. This means that these machines can not use any Lubuntu versions after 12.04 and therefore, Lubuntu 12.10 and Lubuntu 13.04 can not be installed and their kernels can not be upgraded,


Could the upstart job written by Bernd Kreuss be of any help to you if installed to an Ubuntu distribution? https://launchpad.net/~prof7bit/+archive/fake-pae
Here is the content of the script:
description "patch /proc/cpuinfo to add missing pae flag"
author "Bernd Kreuss"

start on runlevel [12345]
stop on runlevel [!12345]

pre-start script
if grep -q " pae " /proc/cpuinfo ; then
echo "This CPU already has the pae flag, doing nothing"
else
cat /proc/cpuinfo | sed 's/flags\t*:/& pae/' > /tmp/cpuinfo_pae
mount -o bind /tmp/cpuinfo_pae /proc/cpuinfo
mount -o remount,ro,bind /proc/cpuinfo
fi
end script

post-stop script
if grep -q "/tmp/cpuinfo_pae" /etc/mtab ; then
umount /tmp/cpuinfo_pae
rm /tmp/cpuinfo_pae
fi
end script


Of course, the Ubuntu distribution is running to provide distros fit for the newest hardware, and default provide kernels fit for machines having CPUs with PAE.

Now what are these machines which have "pae" but don't have the flag? Where does this come from and how many people have such machines?

I don't have one although we have a pair of old machines at home (the eldest still working came out in 2000 I guess but it's not a Pentium M or a Celeron M in it). Do you have one ?

Good leaders being scarce, following yourself is allowed.

Hors ligne mimas

  • Général du Roi
  • Modérateur Global
  • Membre Complet
  • *****
  • Messages: 114
  • Jamais content
    • G+
Re : Fake PAE in Lubuntu
« Réponse #1 le: 21 octobre 2013 à 12:01:57 »
There is one point that I don't understand. The pseudo file /proc/cpuinfo is provided by linux kernel, and this one halts if the CPU does not match the flags required. So, where is the bug: in linux kernel, in Ubuntu kernel installer/updater?

This script misses a CPU check, it forces PAE to 'exist' on every CPUs not supporting it. This way, it's free PAE for everyone, even for non Intel achitecture based CPU (Arm, PowerPC...).
« Modifié: 21 octobre 2013 à 14:35:23 par mimas »
When any government, or any church for that matter, undertakes to say to its subjects, "This you may not read, this you must not see, this you are forbidden to know," the end result is tyranny and oppression, no matter how holy the motives.

Hors ligne melodie

  • Administrateur
  • Membre Héroïque
  • *****
  • Messages: 1675
    • Citrotux
Re : Fake PAE in Lubuntu
« Réponse #2 le: 22 octobre 2013 à 00:05:39 »
Hi mimas,

I have ported the discussion and your interesting answer to this forum: Lubuntu et le fake-pae. Let's see how it goes.  :)

Good leaders being scarce, following yourself is allowed.